ALLERGY, RESPIRATORY
New Spray Could Benefit Cystic Fibrosis Patients
Air Pollution May Raise Blood Pressure
Know Your Asthma Triggers
ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE
Meditation, Yoga Might Switch Off Stress Genes
Eight Spiritual Universal Principles in the Art of Practice
Ginkgo No Shield Against Alzheimer's
ANIMAL CARE
Safe Toys for Dogs
Rest Easy. When It Comes to Swine Flu, Your Pet Is Safe
Animals Respond to Acupuncture's Healing Touch
BONES & JOINTS
Are We Exercising Pain Away? Not So Much.
Put Your Best Foot Forward Next Year
Yoga Can Ease Lower Back Pain
CANCER
Get to Know the Pap Test
Wristbands May Lessen Nausea After Radiation
Steady Weight Gain Boosts Late-Life Breast Cancer Risk
CAREGIVING
Injected Medication Errors a Major Problem
Coordination Has Led to Quicker Heart Treatment
Baby's Sleep Position May Not Affect Severity of Head Flattening
CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
Varicose Veins May Mask Larger Problem
Years of Exposure to Traffic Pollution Raises Blood Pressure
Night Shift Work Hard on the Heart
COSMETIC
What to Do If You Have Unsightly Veins
New Genetic Links to Baldness Discovered
Get Sugared!.... Its a sweet choice for hair removal
DENTAL, ORAL
Obesity Boosts Gum Disease Risk
Laser Technology Spots Cavities Before They Start
Good Oral Hygiene May Protect Against Heart Infections
DIABETES
Chamomile Tea May Ward Off Diabetes Damage
Poor Blood Sugar Control After Heart Surgery Impacts Outcomes
Patients' Photos Help Boost Radiologists' Accuracy
DIET, NUTRITION
Red Meat No No No But Oily Fish Yes Yes Yes
Coffee Drinkers Might Live Longer
Coffee Beans May Be Newest Stress-Buster
DISABILITIES
Review Finds Marijuana May Help MS Patients
Could Your Cell Phone Help Shield You From Alzheimer's?
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
Database Helps Assess Your Breast Cancer Risk
Hairspray Exposure Ups Risk for Birth Defect in Sons
Smog Tougher on the Obese
EYE CARE, VISION
Action-Filled Video Games Boost Adult Vision
Half of U.S. Adults Lack 20/20 Vision
Music Can Help Restore Stroke Patients' Sight
FITNESS
Meditation May Help Put Primary Insomnia to Bed
Exercise Helps Reduce Falls in Young and Old
Exercise As Well As Acupuncture, May Ease Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
GASTROINTESTINAL PROBLEMS
New Yogurt May Ease Stomach Ulcers
New Guidelines Issued for Management of IBS
Intestinal Bacteria Trigger Immune Response
GENERAL HEALTH
Vitamin E Helps Treat Common Liver Disease
Imaging Sheds Light on How Acupuncture Works
Heart Disease May Be Prevented By Taking Fish Oils, Study Shows
HEAD & NECK
Zen May Thicken Brain, Thwart Pain
Many Children Will Outgrow Headaches
Ski Helmets Encouraged for All
HEALTH & TECHNOLOGY
Subway Defibrillators Save Lives
Magnet Therapy May Ease Hard-to-Treat Depression
Using Light Therapy to Silence Harmful Brain Activity
HEARING
Summer Sounds Can Lead to Hearing Loss
Noise Hurts Men's Hearing More, Study Shows
HEART & CARDIOVASCULAR
More Steps a Day Lead to Better Health
Vitamin B3 May Help Repair Brain After a Stroke
Shedding Light on Why Omega-3 Fatty Acids May Help the Heart
INFECTIOUS DISEASE
The HPV Vaccine: Preventative Medicine or Human Sacrifice?
Poor Restroom Cleaning Causes Cruise-Ship Sickness
Viral Infection Might Trigger High Blood Pressure
INFERTILITY
Obesity May Affect Fertility in Young Womene
KID'S HEALTH
Music May Temper Pain in Preemies
Coconut Oil May Help Fight Childhood Pneumonia
Guard Kids' Eyes Against Long-Term Sun Damage
MEN'S HEALTH
Strenuous Daily Workout May Keep Cancer at Bay
Low Iron Levels Cut Cancer Risk in Men With PAD
The Dark Side of Vegetarianism
MENTAL HEALTH
Consciousness Helps the Mind and Body Work Together
Reminiscing Helps Build Emotional Strength
Music Soothes Anxiety as Well as Massage Does
PAIN
Alleviating Rheumatoid Arthritis
Tai Chi May Help Ease Fibromyalgia
Are We Exercising Pain Away? Not So Much.
PHYSICAL THERAPY
PREGNANCY
Pre-Pregnancy Weight Linked to Babies' Heart Problems
Sleeping Could Help Women Lose The Baby Fat
For Baby and Mom Alike, Breast-Feeding May Be Best
SENIORS
Older Adults May Have Some Immunity to Swine Flu
Many Cancer Survivors Don't Adopt Healthy Lifestyle
Video Gaming Just Might Fight Aging
SEXUAL HEALTH
SLEEP DISORDERS
Better Sleep, Grades Seem to Go Up
Meditation May Help Put Primary Insomnia to Bed
Daylight Savings: Not a Bright Time for All
WOMEN'S HEALTH
Rheumatoid Arthritis Rising Among U.S. Women
Varicose Veins May Mask Larger Problem
Iodine in Prenatal Vitamins Varies Widely
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Former Inmates at Increased Risk for High Blood Pressure

TUESDAY, April 14 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults who are former prison inmates are at increased risk for high blood pressure and a related heart condition called left ventricular hypertrophy, a U.S. study finds.

The researchers also found that inmates have less access to regular medical care than the general population.

The study examined data on 4,350 participants in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, who were aged 18 to 30 when they were enrolled in the study in 1985-86. The participants' heart health factors were assessed at two, five, seven, 10, 15 and 20 years after the start of the study. Of the more than 4,000 participants, 288 (7 percent) reported being in prison one year prior to or two years after enrollment.

The study found that former inmates were more likely to have high blood pressure as young adults than those who were never in prison (12 percent vs. 7 percent three to five years later) and were also more likely to have left ventricular hypertrophy (2 percent vs. 0.6 percent), which is a common consequence of high blood pressure.

"Former inmates were also more likely to lack treatment for their hypertension at the year seven examination (17 percent vs. 41 percent), and in each of the follow-up visits during the entire 20-year duration of the CARDIA study," wrote Dr. Emily A. Wang, of the San Francisco General Hospital and the University of California, San Francisco, and colleagues.

Commonly cited factors such as drug and alcohol use, obesity and lower socioeconomic status may not entirely explain the association between prison time and increased risk of high blood pressure, the researchers said. They suggested other factors that may play a role, including increased hostility and stress, which may raise levels of hormones that contribute to high blood pressure.

The study was published in the April 13 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

"For the more than 7 million people that pass through U.S. jails and prisons each year, incarceration may be an independent risk factor for the development of hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy, both of which put such persons at higher risk for clinical cardiovascular disease," Wang and colleagues concluded. "Incarceration may be a cause for hypertension and cardiovascular disease, but may also present an underused opportunity for intervention and improving health and access to health care."

More information

The U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has more about high blood pressure.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: JAMA/Archives journals, news release, April 13, 2009

Last Updated: April 14, 2009

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